Guanacaste Fashion

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In Guanacaste, there was a time when the clothes worn were something more than a trend or an outfit to cover the body. They represented the social, marital, economic and religious status of those who wore them.


These days, the traditional costume is prominent in festivals and cultural activities. During the Annexation cultural week of 2015, long skirts and farmer’s hats shown off on stage demonstrated the folkloric contribution they give to the Guanacaste culture.

In this province, traditional dress is worn with pride since childhood. Smiling dancers swirl their long skirts, forming shapes at their sides. The sound of leather sandals stomping the ground pays homage to the hardworking farmer, and long hair braids dance and jump to the beat of güipipia, reminding the audience of Guanacaste in the olden days.

But according to historian Jose Maria “Milo” Junco, the outfit we see nowadays is an adaptation of the way of dressing of Guanacaste farmers, with some Central American trends.


“It is not the typical clothing of anyone. It was invented in 1940 or sometime in the 30s, when the dancer Margarita Esquivel Rohrmoser had to go to a festival in California and her seamstress, Lelia Guardia, took parts of Guanacaste clothing like pleated skirts, collared blouses and dimensions of Nicaraguan typical dress,” Junco specified.

Although the attire of this region resembles those of other provinces, there are differences within Guanacaste that characterize certain areas.